THIS DICTIONARY IS BASED ON THE DIALECT OF DAMASCUS, AS SPOKEN BY EDUCATED MUSLIMS. A Dictionary of Syrian Arabic provides Syrian terms for the language spoken in everyday life by Muslims primarily in Damascus, but understandable throughout Syria as well as in the broader linguistic areas of present-day Lebanon, Jordan, and among the Palestinians and the Arabic-speaking population of Israel. [1] Their demand to be allowed to teach Greek in their schools has been rejected by the State with the argument that they are Muslims. It is a starting point for each individual to begin their own language journey, later on being able to dive into their chosen Arabic dialects [2], The Chechen language is spoken by the Chechen minority in two villages on the Khabur River. [2] In addition, there are Turkish language islands in the Qalamun area and the Homs area. Lebanese is similar especially to the southern Syrian dialects, though it has more influence from Palestinian Arabic. Arabic is the official language of Syria and is the most widely spoken language in the country. [1] Although Syria does not recognise any minority languages, the Armenians are the only community allowed to teach in their own language, in addition to Arabic. A DICTIONARY OF SYRIAN ARABIC (DIALECT OF DAMASCUS), ENGLISH-ARABIC. Most remarkably, Western Neo-Aramaic is still spoken in the village of Ma‘loula as well as two neighboring villages, 56 kilometres (35 mi) northeast of Damascus. Lebanese Arabic together with Syrian are classified as North Levantine Arabic (ISO 639-3 language code apc). Allied dialects are spoken in the coastal mountains. [2], The Armenian language is spoken within the Armenian community in Aleppo and other major cities,[2] such as Damascus and in one small town exclusively in Kessab. Historically, Aramaic was the lingua franca of the region before the advent of Arabic and is still spoken among Assyrians, and Classical Syriac is still used as the liturgical language of various Syriac Christian denominations. [1] Various Turkish dialects are spoken by the Turkmen/Turkoman minority mostly in villages east of the Euphrates and along the Syrian-Turkish border. Lebanese is similar especially to the southern Syrian dialects, though it has more influence from Palestinian Arabic. THE CITY IS A MAJOR ADMINISTRATIVE CENTER OF THE AREA AND, HISTORICALLY, AN IMPORTANT SEAT OF ISLAMIC CULTURE AND LEARNING. The Greek language is spoken in Al-Hamidiyah by Cretan Muslims. This site is always growing. Other forms of Arabic natively spoken in Syria include: Non-indigenous dialects of Arabic, most notably those of Iraq and Palestine, are frequently used within their respective refugee diasporas, especially in Damascus. The Arabic terms are presented in transcription. Category: places | Card: Syria [Syrian Arabic] [Food vocabulary] What do بيت بلدي" "," مونة and "جزمز" mean? [1], English and French are also understood by Syrian citizens, mostly in urban centers and among the educated. A NUMBER OF POLITICAL, SOCIOLOGICAL, AND GEOGRAPHICAL FACTORS HAVE COMBINED TO MOLD A DIALECT OF UNCOMMON UNIFORMITY AND FIXITY. [1], Four dialects of Neo-Aramaic are spoken in Syria. Modern Standard Arabic is the language of education and writing. Alongside the other Arabic language-learning and reference works published by Georgetown University Press, this dictionary is yet another invaluable volume on spoken Arabic, belonging at the side of travelers and scholars, and on the shelves of research and reference libraries. According to The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics, in addition to Arabic, the following languages are spoken in the country, in order of the number of speakers: Kurdish,[1] Turkish,[1] Neo-Aramaic (four dialects),[1] Circassian,[1] Chechen,[1] Armenian,[1] and finally Greek. What started out as a simple word list on a student’s desktop has evolved into two of the largest dialect dictionaries ever written for the Egyptian and Levantine dialects with plans for additional dialects and a growing Classical Arabic (Fusha) dictionary, all run on a uniquely structured database designed for Arabic’s diglossia. [1] Neo-West Aramaic is spoken in three villages near Damascus (including Maaloula). A thorough introduction outlines the sociolinguistic situation in Syria and covers phonology, morphology, syntax, grammar, and vocabulary. A Dictionary of Syrian Arabic provides Syrian terms for the language spoken in everyday life by Muslims primarily in Damascus, but understandable throughout Syria as well as in the broader linguistic areas of present-day Lebanon, Jordan, and among the Palestinians and the Arabic-speaking population of Israel. [1] It is spoken particularly in the northeast and northwest of the country within the Kurdish minority. Vocabulary. Due to Syria’s long history of multiculturalism and foreign imperialism, Syrian Arabic exhibits a vocabulary stratum that includes word borrowings from Turkish, Kurdish, Armenian, Syriac, English, French and Persian. this dictionary is based on the dialect of damascus, as spoken by educated muslims. Entries include examples, idioms, and common phrases to illustrate usage. Syrian Sign Language is the principal language of the deaf community. Kurdish (specifically Kurmanji) is the second most spoken language in Syria. It is useful for students of Arabic, scholars wishing to train in the Syrian dialect, and visitors and travelers to Syria and other nations where the dialect is spoken. [1], Moreover, Syrian Arabic dialects have borrowed many loanwords from Turkish, particularly during Ottoman rule. Due to Syria’s long history of multiculturalism and foreign imperialism, Syrian Arabic exhibits a vocabulary stratum that includes word borrowings from Turkish, Kurdish, Armenian, Syriac, English, French and Persian. [1][2] Several modern Arabic dialects are used in everyday life, most notably Levantine in the west and Mesopotamian in the northeast. Dialects of the cities of Damascus, Homs, Hama and Tartous are more similar to each other than to that of the northern region of Aleppo. ARABIC SERIES, NUMBER FIVE. In this card you can learn about the Arabic meaning of the word "Syria" which falls into the "places" category. Start studying Syrian Arabic vocabulary. damascus occupies a central position in more than the obvious geographical sense. [1] In particular, Kabardian is spoken by the Circassian minority. [2], Turkish is the third most widely used language in Syria. [2], Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Languages_of_Syria&oldid=981345072, Articles needing additional references from July 2018, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 October 2020, at 19:17. [1] There is also a relatively large linguistic island formed by the Assyrians along the Khabur River. [1], Circassian languages are spoken in some villages south of Aleppo, as well as in the Homs area and on the Golan Heights. THE DICTIONARY IS AN EXPRESSION DICTIONARY, THAT IS, ITS FORMAT AND PRESENTATION ARE GEARED EXCLUSIVELY TO THE NEEDS OF THE NATIVE SPEAKER OF AMERICAN ENGLISH. Syriac dictionary in four languages, قاموس سرياني, ܠܟܣܝܟܘܢ ܣܘܪܝܝܐ Syrian Arab Republic: 1 n an Asian republic in the Middle East at the east end of the Mediterranean; site of some of the world's most ancient centers of civilization Synonyms: Syria Examples: Aram the biblical name for ancient Syria Example of: Asian country , Asian … You can also watch it as it's being written. [1] None of these languages has official status.[1]. Entries include examples, idioms, and common phrases to illustrate usage. ITS CORPUS OF APPROXIMATELY 15,000 MAIN SUBENTRIES REPRESENTS AN ESSENTIALLY COLLOQUIAL VOCABULARY INTENDED FOR A FAIRLY WIDE RANGE OF CONVERSATIONAL USAGE. Moreover, Chaldean speakers are found in the northeast of Syria. the city is a major administrative center of the area and, historically, an important seat of islamic culture and learning. THIS DOCUMENT IS AVAILABLE FROM THE DIRECTOR OF PUBLICATIONS, INSTITUTE OF LANGUAGES AND LINGUISTICS, GEORGETOWN UNIVERSITY, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20007, 269 PAGES. [1], There is also a small number of Greek speakers in Syria. DAMASCUS OCCUPIES A CENTRAL POSITION IN MORE THAN THE OBVIOUS GEOGRAPHICAL SENSE.

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